Judith Jackson [Clain]

Judith Jackson 53 is in Royal Artillery Department and travels without a partner alone in the BON. She is said to have run for years before but other evidence makes it clear she defected to Lord Dunmore in 1775-6. She is alone in the Birchtown muster. Her owner is given as Clain but there was no such person. Her owner might be John McLean, who was a British merchant and suspect Loyalist charged with treason who appears in the same tithable list as Robert Tucker, but no Judith is listed in his tithables. Or her owner is a McClanhanan, an extensive merchant and planter family in Princess Anne County

It is not apparent what is her connection to the other Jacksons, but given a likely association with Tucker, she probably is connected to them and could be the widow of a Jackson who does not travel to Nova Scotia. She is alone in the Birchtown muster.

Her's is a very sad story. She and her daughter were claimed by the Virginia Loyalist merchant Jonathon Eilbeck in New York who said he had bought them. While her case was being heard Eilbeck illegally sent the daughter back to Virginia. Judith successfully petitioned General Sir Guy Carleton directly to have her unfavorable decision reversed, but she was unable to save her daughter . She stayed on in New York desperately trying to recover her child until the very last evacuation on November 23, 1783. See Judith Jackson petition to Dunmore, September 18, 1783, PRO 30/55/81.





7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


The Burning of Portsmouth - Portsmouth

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks

Judith Jackson 53 ordinary wench Left 4 years ago. Royal Artillery Department.
[We think Judith Jackson actual ran in: 1779]