James Johnson (Herbert)

James is possibly the grandson of the slaves Cuff and Hannah originally owned by Benjamin Johnson in Portsmouth in 1759. He is assumed to be married to Nancy Johnson [Whitton]. James would be unlikely to appear in the tithable lists before 1765 as they only list people over 16. In that year John Hutchins has two James’ in his lists.There is no comparable listing for James Johnson’s stated owner, William Herbert in 1765. However he does list a James in the tithable lists for Ferry Point in 1778. Other slaves of Herbert travel with slaves of Whitton indicating strong connections between these two groups. He is listed in Snowball company in the Birchtown Muster indented to a Capt Pitcher. His wife is listed as Nancy Whitton in the household of Thomas Whitton who may be a relative of hers.
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Name Owner [Narrative]
James Thomas Herbert - Norfolk [Two James listed]

1749

Born

10/ June
1765

Tithables for the Eastern Division - 1765 - Eastern Division

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
James - [John Hutchings [Hutchins] lists 2 James. He also lists a Cuffee, who may be James Johnson's father. Hannah, who may be his mother, is not listed here.]

10/ June
1767

Tithables for Great Bridge to Edmunds Bridge to New Mill Creek - 1767 - Great Bridge to Edmonds Bridge and New Mill Creek

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
James Thomas Herbert - Norfolk

10/ June
1768

Tithables for Portsmouth to New Mill Creek-1768 - Portsmouth to New Mill Creek

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
James Thomas Herbert - Norfolk

11/ June
1770

Tithables and Land Taken -1770 - Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
James Thomas Herbert - Norfolk [William Herbert who James later identifies as his owner in the BON is listed here with Thomas Herbert]

10/ June
1771

Tithables and Land Taken - 1771 - Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
James Thomas Herbert - Norfolk [William Herbert who James later identifies as his owner in the BON is listed here with Thomas Herbert]

10/ June
1772

Tithables Acreage Not Given-1772 - Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
James Thomas Herbert - Norfolk

7/ Nov
1775

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

1776

Small Pox outbreak - Gwynn's Island

  • Small Pox -

    In January 1776  smallpox made an appearance in Virginia. Although smallpox had been present in the colony at times before there had never been such a serious and widespread outbreak.

1776

Ran

1782

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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris

1783

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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Free Briton
Master: Jacob Hayes
Port Roseway James Johnson 34 stout fellow Moses Pitcher Left 7 years ago.
James Johnson's Relationships

1784

Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
James Johnson 35 Carpenter Captain Snowball's Company Came here with Captain Pitcher and lives in his family and received provisions to 25 August 1784