James Langley

James travels on Board L'Abondance with him is Patience Wilkinson who was formally owned by Willis Wilkinson. Seperate to these two is Esther (called Catha in the Birchtown) and Priscilla Gordon (almost certainly Jordan) who, like Patience is owned by Willis Wilkinson. The Gordon/Jordons are near to the Langley's in the Birchtown. There is probably a connection between them all. By the time of the Birchtown James and Esther have a child called Kate and have been joined by another traveler from L'Abondance, Jane Parks. Her connection to the Langley's is not clear. George Bibbin, James's stated former owner is not listed in the tithables. Henry Givin was a slaveowner in partnership with John Green. It could be that Bibbin, james's stated former owner was in fact this man. The name Langley is also a the name of a prominent family in the Norfolk area and there could be a connection between James Langley and this family.
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7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


The Burning of Portsmouth - Portsmouth

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
L'Abondance - July
Master: Lt. Philips
Port Roseway James Langley 28 stout fellow Formerly Slave to George Bibbin, Norfolk. Left 4 years ago.
James Langley's Relationships
Assumed to be traveling in the Book of Negroes with:


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
James Langley 28 Labourer Captain Perth's Company
Listed With
James Langley's Relationships