John Martin

The name Martin probably comes from family of white maritime workers in Norfolk, although the three Martin brothers, Joshua James and Jonathon don’t list any tithable slaves between 1765 and 1780. John Martin is owned by John Wyatt/ Wiat/ Wiot in 1765 and is declared consistently in his tithables under the name Jack until 1778. John travels on board L'Abondance with a large group of people from Norfolk in the Book of Negroes, the most immediately relevant being Kessiah Shepperd, who is John's partner, as well as her parents, Lucy and Thomas. In the Birchtown Muster John and Kessiah are married and she has taken his last name, Martin. The couple are in Colonel Blucke's Company along with many of the families they travalled with in the BON, including Kessiah's parents, Lucy and Thomas.
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Timeline

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1753

Born

1765

Tithables and Land taken - 1765 - Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

10/ June
1767

Tithables for the South Side of the Western Branch -1767 - South Side of the Western Branch

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

10/ June
1768

Tithables for the Southward Side of the Western Branch Precinct - 1768 - South Side of the Western Branch

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

10/ June
1769

Tithables for the South Side of the Western Branch Precinct - 1769 - South Side of the Western Branch

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

10/ June
1770

Tithables for the South Side of the Western Branch Precinct- 1770 - South Side of the Western Branch

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

10/ June
1771

Tithables for the Western Branch Precinct - 1771 - Western Branch Precinct

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

10/ June
1773

Tithables for the South Side of the Western Branch Precinct - 1773 - South Side of the Western Branch

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

1774

Tithables for the East Side of the Western Branch - 1774 -

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

7/ Nov
1775

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

1778

Tithables for Portsmouth along South Side of the West Branch - 1778 - Portsmouth along South Side of the West Branch

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jack John Wyatt - Norfolk

May
1779

The Burning of Portsmouth - Portsmouth

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.

1779

Ran

1782

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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris

1783

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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
L'Abondance - July
Master: Lt. Philips
Port Roseway John Martin 30 stout fellow who stutters Formerly Slave to John Wyatt, Norfolk. Left 4 years ago.
John Martin's Relationships
Assumed to be traveling in the Book of Negroes with:

1784

Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
John Martin 30 Sawyer Col. Blucke
Listed With
John Martin's Relationships

1785

Patriot claims for losses to the British

Source for this event: Patriot claims for losses to the British
[We have assumed that John Wyatt claimed John Martin]
Remarks: [John Wyatt himself did not make a claim against the British for property lost or taken during the war, however there are two claims which may be relevant to those formerly enslaved to him. The first is a claim in the name of Martha Wyatt, who was John's wife. The second is a claim from Spicavy Wiot, to whom John was related, and with whom he owned slaves in Norfolk County. In the tithable lists from 1778 John and Spicavy declare Jack [John Martin], Will, Harry and Hannah.]