Jack Neal

Jack Neal travels alone in the Book of Negroes, although he is with others from the Royal Artillery aboard the Ranger. He is not listed in the tithables for Birchtown. Many of those in the RAD were housed elsewhere such as Port Mattoon. Hailing from Kemp's landing his former owner, James Robinson is not in the tithables for Norfolk. James Robinson is unknown but Tully Robinson is a major slave owner. James's name is interesting. It probably comes from the family of McNeil who are listed in the tithables. they have many connections to the slave owning families of Herberrt and Sprowle. It could be that james's father was a McNeil. In this listing however we have assumed that Jack Niel is the Niel Robinson listed with Deborah Lynch in the Birchtown Muster.





7/ Nov

Thumbnail of SetWidth50-lorddunmore.jpg
See Original

Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


Small Pox outbreak - Gwynn's Island

  • Small Pox -

    In January 1776  smallpox made an appearance in Virginia. Although smallpox had been present in the colony at times before there had never been such a serious and widespread outbreak.




Thumbnail of SetWidth50-treaty-of-paris-signature.jpg
See Original

Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


Thumbnail of SetWidth50-bon_page_069.JPG
See Original

Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: James Duncan
Port Mattoon Jack Neal 23 little fellow Formerly Slave to James Robinson, Kemp's Landing. Left 7 years ago. Royal Artillery Department. Certificate from General Musgrave.


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
Neil Robinson 23 Mr Lynch Unnamed
Neil Robinson's Relationships