Deborah [Squash]

Deborah claims to have run away from from George Washington's Mt Vernon estate in 1779. This is not the case. The British traveled up the Potomac River to the plantation on two occasions. The first of these was in 1776 when another of Washington's slaves - Harry escaped. Lund Washington, the generals cousin and estate manager, lists Deborah as having absconded in 1781- see the Source page on 'Lund Washington's List'. She is said to be the wife of an enslaved man named Squash who was sold to Lynch by Capt Huddleston of the Royal Artillery. The couple are together in the BON on board the Polly. In the Birchtown Muster she is listed as Deborah Lynch and is with Neil Robinson who almost certainly is Jack Neal (who travels alone in the BON). It is not known what happened to Harry Squash. He is not listed in the Birchtown Muster and has probably died by this time.
Deborah [Squash] Relationships
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7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


The Burning of Portsmouth - Portsmouth

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: John Broome
Port Roseway Deborah Squash 20 stout wench,thick lips,pock marked. Wife of Harry Squash. Formerly Slave to Gen. Washington, Mt Vernon, Fairfax Co.. Left 4 years ago. Certificate from General Birch.
Deborah Squash's Relationships


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
Deborah Lynch 30 Mr Lynch Has drawn with Coll Mollison at Port Matoon from 23 _? To _? Not any since Unnamed
Deborah Lynch's Relationships