Acky Dickson

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Joseph Dickson and Acky Dickson are probably brothers and they travel together on the ship Esther in the Book of Negroes. Their parents are likely to be Charles and Dolly Dixon (Willis Wilkinson owner) from Nansemond. Charles and Dolly travel with their five younger children on the ship Blackett.

The name comes from Peter Dickenson who was in partnership with John Gilchrist in Norfolk. He owned Charles and 'Nanny' in 1773. Peter only appears once in the Norfolk tithable listings and possibly the family of Charles and Nanny/Dolly and children was sold around 1774. The older two boys, Acky and Joseph, would have been sold separately.

Acky was owned by Matthew Godfrey. In addition to his brother Joseph, Acky appears to be connected to a group of Godfreys who were also formerly owned by Matthew - Abigail Godfrey, her son Ned, his wife Betsey and their children - who also leave New York on board the Esther and are in Dixon's Company in the Birchtown Muster.





7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


British Invasion of Philadelphia - Chesapeake

  • The campaign for Philadelphia -

    On July 23 1777 the British fleet left from Sandy Hook, New York carrying more than 15,000 soldiers and headed into the Atlantic before turning south to enter the Chesapeake in August and sail up the bay to its northern extremity to set the troops ashore at the head of the Elk River on August 25.


Tithables for the South Side of Tanners Creek to Willie Care's -1778 - South Side of Tanners Creek to Willies Care

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Afraca Matthew Godfrey - Norfolk




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: Robert Gill
Port Roseway Acky Dickson 25 sound sizable man Formerly Slave to Matthew Godfrey, Norfolk. Left 5 years ago. Engineer Department. Certificate from General Birch.
Acky Dickson's Relationships
Assumed to be traveling in the Book of Negroes with:


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
Archibald Dickson 22 Labourer Captain Adam Dixon's Company
Remarks:[The family of Godfreys who travelled on the Esther in the Book of Negroes - Ned (Edward), Elizabeth, Abigail, Jeffery - are also in Captain Adam Dixon's Company.]
Archibald Dickson's Relationships


Patriot claims for losses to the British

Source for this event: Patriot claims for losses to the British
[We have assumed that Matthew Godfrey claimed Acky Dickson]