Captain George Fraction

Captain George Fraction was given command of a company in the Birchtown Muster- a position only given to runaways of good sober and industrious disposition. He is listed with his wife, Jenny in the Birchtown Muster though they do not travel together in the Book of Negroes. George is one of the last to leave New York as his unit, the Black Brigade was given the job of preparing the city for the arrival of Gen. Washington and his army. Almost the last vessel, if not the last, to leave was the L'Abondance in its November 30th sailing. He is listed in the tithables for James Leach who is the father or brother of David Leach.
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Tithables for the Western Division of the Borough of Norfolk- 1773 - Western Division of the Borough of Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
James David Leach - James River [This is the son or brother of James Leach named in the tithable ]

7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


British Invasion of Philadelphia - Chesapeake

  • The campaign for Philadelphia -

    On July 23 1777 the British fleet left from Sandy Hook, New York carrying more than 15,000 soldiers and headed into the Atlantic before turning south to enter the Chesapeake in August and sail up the bay to its northern extremity to set the troops ashore at the head of the Elk River on August 25.




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
L'Abondance - November
Master: Lt. Phillips
Port Mattoon Captain George Fraction 27 stout fellow Formerly Slave to David Leach, James River. Left 5 years ago. Black Brigade. Certificate from General Birch.


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
George, Capt. Fraction 25 Barber and Cook Captain George Fraction
George, Capt. Fraction's Relationships