Jenny Toney

Jenny Toney leaves New York on board L'Abondance along with Molly and Jeffery Burgis. We think Jenny may be Molly's mother. Jenny Tony and Molly Burges form part of the same family group in Col. Blucke's Company in the Birchtown Muster (Jeffery is listed by himself). Also in Jenny's family group in the Muster are Judith (15) and Patience (23) Tony, probably her two daughters. The Tony/Burges family group is headed by Edward Parsley, who may be another child or relation. Neither Judith, Patience or Edward appear in the Book of Negroes and we have no other information about them.
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7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
L'Abondance - July
Master: Lt. Philips
Port Roseway Jenny Toney 52 Worn out Formerly Slave to Daniel Underwood, Connecticut. Free by Bill of Sale
Jenny Toney's Relationships
Assumed to be traveling in the Book of Negroes with:


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
Jenny Tony 53 Col. Blucke
Listed With
Jenny Tony's Relationships