Frank [Mitchel]

Frank is the ten year old son of Dinah Mitchel and possibly Bristol Mitchel. He travels next to his mother in the Book of Negroes. He is not in the Birchtown Muster. Given his age it is likely that he died in New York in 1783. His BON entry claims that he was at the siege of Charleston and left with his mother. There is some evidence to indicate that his mother was also aboard Dunmore's Floating Town in 1776. If this was the case then Frank was also with his mother here. Also on board this exodus were Bristol Mitchel and Mr Mitchel- the stated former owner of both Bristol and Dinah/Frank. Mr Mitchel was a collector and a loyalist in the lower James River area. There is also a Joseph Mitchell who owned land in the Dismal Swamp- a place for which no tithables survive. Despite his young age Frank had been born into slavery either somewhere in the Lower James River or the Dismal Swamp, been evacuated from Norfolk in 1776 and survived the desperate rigours of the Floating Town, ended up with British forces at Charleston- possibly because his assumed father/grandfather was serving with the British, only to be evacuated to New York by 1783- where he died.
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7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation




Siege of Yorktown - YorkTown


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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: Richardson
St. John Frank 10 son of Dinah Mitchel Matthew Stewart Formerly Slave to Joseph Mitchell, Norfolk. Left 3 years ago. Certificate from General Birch. Left Charlestown from whence he was ordered by Dr. Humphry of the York volunteers then the property of Mitchel.
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