James Halstead

James and Sally Halstead leave New York on board the ship L'Abondance with a 10 year old charge, George Snail, who we suspect is their grandson. The three are found in a family group in Captain Snowball's Company in the Birchtown Muster, where James' occupation is listed as 'carpenter'. It is interesting to note that the Hallstead, Snowball and Herbert families who all left New York on board L'Abondance are still to be found together in Snowball's Company in the Muster.

The Halstead family has a strong presence in the Great Bridge to Ferry Point area in Norfolk County. James may very well be the Joe inherited by Samuel Halstead in 1771 but he could also be theman who appears in the tithables for the Halstead family in 1751 and is usually known as 'Jamaica', though in one instance he is called 'James'. He is owned by Simon Halstead Snr., who is sometimes listed with his sons, Henry, John and Simon. Ownership of James/Jamaica eventually passes to Simon's sons and when James is last listed in the tithables in 1772 it is with Simon Halstead Jnr. Simon Jnr still owns slaves after this time, but James is not among them. Samuel Halstead is identified as James' former owner in the Book of Negroes, and this could either be a mistake for 'Simon' or ownership of James/Jamaica may have passed to Samuel between 1772 and 1775 when he runs away, though it is not possible to identify him among Samuel's slaves in this period. It is however Henry Halstead who claims James (Jamaker) in his losses to the British in 1775.

Henry Halstead is also the former owner of Moses Halstede (Halstead) who is probably James' son. James and Moses run together in 1775. They subsequently both make their way to New York and to Birchtown with their respective families, though they leave in different ships and are in different companies in the Muster. The surname of the grandson, Snaile derives from another prominent and well connected family from Princess Anne County connected to the Moseley family who may have owned his father.

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1720

Born

1751

Tithables for Ferry Point to Great Bridge - 1751 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaco Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Entry is for Simon Halstead and his son Henry Halstead, who own Jamaco and three other slaves - Aby, Hary and DIck. Henry Halstead is the owner of Moses Halstede who we suspect is James' son.]

1752

Tithables for Great Bridge to Ferry Point - 1752 - Great Bridge to Ferry Point

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jemaca Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Entry is for Simon Halstead and his son Henry Halstead. 'Jemaca' is listed here with the same group of slaves: Harrey, Abby and Dick.]

1753

Tithables for Ferry Point to Great Bridge - 1753 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jemacia Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Listed with Harry, Abbey and Dick.]

1754

Tithables for Great Bridge to Ferry Point - 1754 - Great Bridge to Ferry Point

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Listed with Harry, Abb and Dick.]

1757

Tithables for Great Bridge to Ferry Point - 1757 - Great Bridge to Ferry Point

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jimacey Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Entry reads: 'Halstead, Simon for Henry Halstead'. Jimacey is still listed with Abby, Harry and Dick.]

1759

Tithables for Ferry Point to Great Bridge - 1759 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
James Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Abby, Harry, Dick and Lida are listed along with James.]

1761

Tithables for Ferry Point to Great Bridge - 1761 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Listed with Abbey, Harry, Dick, Lydia and Jenny.]

1765

Tithables for Ferry Point to Great Bridge - 1765 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Listed with Abbe, Harrey and Lid.]

1767

Tithables for Great Bridge to Ferry Point - 1767 - Great Bridge to Ferry Point

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Entry is for Simon Halstead and John Halstead. Jamaica, Abby and LIb are listed.]

1768

Tithables and Land taken - 1768 - Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Entry reads: 'Halstead, Simon for son John Halstead'. Jamaica is listed with Abb, Lid and Luiss.]

1770

Tithables for Greatbridge to Ferry Point - 1770 - Great Bridge to Ferry Point

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Snr. - Norfolk [Entry reads: 'Halstead, Simon for sons John and Simon Halstead'. Jamaica is listed with Abby and Lydia.]

1771

Tithables for Ferry Point to Greatbridge - 1771 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Jnr. - Norfolk [Entry reads: 'Halstead, Ann for son Simon Halstead'. Jamaica, Abby and Lyd are listed.]

1772

Tithables for Great Bridge to Ferry Point - 1772 - Great Bridge to Ferry Point

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner [Narrative]
Jamaica Simon Halstead Jnr. - Norfolk [Entry reads: 'Halstead, Ann for son Simon Halstead'. Jamaica, Abby and Liddo are listed.]

7/ Nov
1775

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

1775.5

Ran

1776

Small Pox outbreak - Gwynn's Island

  • Small Pox -

    In January 1776  smallpox made an appearance in Virginia. Although smallpox had been present in the colony at times before there had never been such a serious and widespread outbreak.

1782

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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris

1783

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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
L'Abondance - July
Master: Lt. Philips
Port Roseway James Hallstead 63 feeble fellow Formerly Slave to Samuel Halstead, Norfolk. Left 7.5 years ago. Certificate from General Birch.
James Hallstead's Relationships

1784

Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
James Halstead 63 Carpenter Captain Snowball's Company
James Halstead's Relationships

1785

Patriot claims for losses to the British

Source for this event: Patriot claims for losses to the British
[We have assumed that Henry Halstead claimed James Halstead]