Richard Bush

Richard Bush, 60, is said to run in 1778, but the evidence suggest he left in 1779 with his wife Nelly. It is not clear who was his owner named Goddin [Godwin] in Nansemond county, but he was probably originally owned Samuel Boush. He is said to have been born in Africa so Boush would have been his first owner. He and his wife Nelly and daughter Jane/Jenny settle at Birchtown and they all relocate to Sierra Leone in 1791, when he is still said to be aged 60.
Richard Bush Relationships
  • Relative: Judith Bush, Assumed [ Common Distinctive Name, Proximity In Ownership, Shared Group Membership Appropriate Ages ] , Source: The Book of Negroes

Related Background Information

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.





7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: Alexander Buchanon
Port Mattoon Richard Bush 60 Ordinary Fellow Formerly Slave to Nancy Goddin, Nansemond. Certificate from General Musgrave.
Richard Bush's Relationships
Assumed to be traveling in the Book of Negroes with:


Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
Richard Bush 60 Sawyer Captain James Read's Company
Richard Bush's Relationships


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List of those wishing to go to Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone

Source for this event: List of those wishing to go to Sierra Leone.
Name Age Where Born Number Of Children Age Of Eldest Occupation Property
Richard Bush 60 1 18 None